Employees are legally entitled to parental leave, adoption leave and commissioning parental leave as from 1 January 2020. This follows a proclamation issued by the President (on 23 December 2019) in terms of section 17 of the Labour Laws Amendment Act of 2018.
Is an employee whose fixed-term contract comes to an end entitled to severance pay?
The minimum wages for the Wholesale & Retail that were published in the Government Gazette on 2 August 2019 were incorrect. These have now been corrected in a ‘Correction Notice’ dated 14 October 2019. The corrections have retrospective effect from 2 August 2019.
All too often employers are expected to be technically correct when drafting disciplinary charges. But is this fair to the employer? What if the employee has not been prejudiced?
It is the breakdown of the relationship of trust that normally justifies termination of employment in cases of employee misconduct. How serious must that breakdown be? Does the employer have to prove such breakdown of trust to justify dismissal?
When employers restructure in order to improve efficiencies, it leads to redundancies. Redundancies can lead to retrenchment, but not necessarily. This is where employers often get it wrong.
Occasionally a customer or other external party is witness to employee misconduct. It may be necessary for such person to give evidence in disciplinary proceedings. If the employee challenges the outcome of the hearing, such evidence may also be needed in arbitration proceedings. But what if the person does not want to get involved? Is hearsay evidence allowed?
When it comes to retrenchment, employers tend to make the mistake of announcing their decision to retrench before consulting with the affected employees or their union. Confronting employees with a fait accompli can be fatal to the process. But does this mean that an employer may not form any opinion before consulting?
In a disciplinary hearing an employee has the right to be heard before being judged. But does an employee have the right to be heard before being suspended pending the outcome of the hearing? Against the background of conflicting case law, the Constitutional Court has finally brought about some clarity on pre-suspension hearings.
Employers were expecting the minimum wage rates in the Wholesale and Retail Sector to be increased with effect from 1 March 2019 – this did not happen.
Adherents to certain religions are reluctant to work on their sabbath or other holy days. But what if such a refusal clashes with the employer’s operational needs?
The minimum wages in the Domestic Worker Sector will increase with effect from 3 December 2018.
The national minimum wage (NMW) has been signed into law. Effective 1 January 2019. What exactly does this mean to employers and employees?
A recent Labour Court judgement highlighted the importance of respecting an employee’s home language and right to an interpreter in a disciplinary hearing. But what if the disciplinary hearing is conducted in English and the employee is proficient in English?
People may no longer be prosecuted for cultivating, possessing and using small amounts of dagga for private purposes. But what are the consequences for the workplace?
Can employees escape the consequences of their actions by resigning with immediate effect? There has been uncertainty about an employer’s right to proceed with disciplinary action after an employee’s resignation ‘with immediate effect’ but a judgement of the Labour Court in Cape Town has brought about much needed clarity.
When the CCMA makes an award for the reinstatement of an employee who has been unfairly dismissed or suspended, it seldom goes down well. But what happens if the employer ignores the award?
Employers must exercise their disciplinary powers in a consistent manner. The primary reason for requiring employers to act consistently when instituting disciplinary action or meting out disciplinary sanctions, is to ensure that they do not act arbitrarily. In other words, like cases must be treated alike.
South Africans were expecting that a national minimum wage (NMW) would be implemented on 1 May 2018. This did not happen, but the NMW is still likely to be implemented during the course of this year. We can also expect some other changes to labour legislation. How will this affect employers and employees?
The minimum wage rates in the hospitality sector have been increased with effect from 1 July 2018. The minimum rates are still below the National Minimum Wage (NMW) which is expected to be implemented during the course of 2018. How will employers be affected?
Question: Is a statement of intent by an employee to resign enough to terminate employment?
An employee could claim additional compensation if a suspension is regarded as being unfair. In a well-publicised case, the CCMA awarded an employee five months’ remuneration in addition to the normal pay that the employee received while on suspension.
May an employer deviate from disciplinary procedures in misconduct cases?
The potential impact of the drought on the employment relationship should not be underestimated. It may affect the employee’s right to remuneration if it becomes impossible for employees to work, but it may also lead to problems with employee attendance if employees have to queue for water.
An employee resigns with immediate effect after receiving notice of a disciplinary hearing. May the employer proceed with disciplinary action?
Some businesses need water in order to function. The prevailing drought in the Western Cape has led to unpredictable interruptions due to the implementation of water rationing measures. Interruptions to water supply can also be due to a variety of other reasons. Contingency plans may be inadequate, which may result in employees not being able to work
Does setting sales targets make it easier to dismiss an employee for poor work performance?
Are Uber drivers independent contractors or employees?
Special care must be taken before dismissing an employee due to disability. What guidelines should one follow if there’s doubt?
May an employer make deductions for damage or loss caused by employee?
The Labour Relations Act protects employees against unfair dismissal. However, our law makes allowance for a contract of employment coming to an end without it amounting to a dismissal.
The distinction between incapacity due to ill health (‘medical incapacity’) and disability is from both a practical and legal perspective one of the most difficult situations for an employer to manage.
In certain exceptional circumstances it is acceptable for an employer to rely on written statements only in a disciplinary hearing.